Select '>' to see answers, then uncheck boxes when incorrect.

1. Which personis not associated with the existential movement?

a. May

b. Frankl

c. Yalom

d. Skinner

e. Sartre


>

d. Skinner


2. The basic goal of existential psychotherapy is

a. to expand self awareness

b. to help clients accept the responsibility of choosing

c. to help clients accept the responsibilty of choosing

d. to help the client experience authentic existence

e. all of the above


>

e. all of the above


3. Finding the courage to be involves

a. confronting specific phobia

b. learning to be alone

c. discarding old values

d developing a will to move forward despite fears

e. all of the above


>

d. developing a will to move forward despite fears


4. The British scholar workign to develop trainign programs in existential tehrapy is 

a. Rollo May

b. Irvin Yalom

c. Emmy van Deurzen

d. J. Michael Russel


>

c. Emmy van Deurzen


5. According to the existential view, anxiety is seen as:

a. an unhealthy feeling

b. part of the human condition

c. a catalyst for authentic living

d. the result of awareness of death

e. both b and c are true


>

e. both b and c are true


6. Existential therapy is best considered as:

a. an approach to understanding humans

b. a school of therapy

c. a system of techniques designed to create authentic humans

d. a strategy for uncovering dysfunctional behavior


>

a. an approach to understanding humans


7. Which of the following was not part of STan's work in existential therapy

a. challenging his feelings of lonliness

b. Working on his inauthentic relationship with his siblings

c. confronting his responsibilty for his drug and alcohol use

d. exploring stan's human potential


>

b. working on his inauthentic relationship with his siblings


8. Philosophically, the existentials would agree that

a. the final decisions and choices rest with the client

b. people redefine themselves by their choices

c. a person can go beyond early conditioning

d. making choices can create anxiety

e. all of the above


>

e. all of the above


9. The cenral issue is existential therapy is

a. freedom and responsibility

b. resistance

c. transference

d. examinging irrational beliefs


>

a. freedom and responsibility


10. According to the existential viewpoint, death:

a. makes life absured

b. makes life meaningless and hopeless

c. gives significance to living

d. should nto be explored in therapy


>

c. gives significance to living


11. Which technique is considered essential in existential therapy

a. free association

b. analysis of resistance

c. analysis of dysfunctional family patterns

d. role playing

e. none of the above


>

e. none of the above


12. In a group setting, client's learn:

a. that there are no ultimate answers for ultimate concerns

b. that most solutions to problems are simple

c. to depend on the leader for support

d. that pain is a reality of the human experience

e. both a and d are true


>

e. both a and d are true


13. Expanding awareness is:

a. a basic goal of existential therapy

b. possible only with a few clients

c. not given emphasis in existential therapy

d. limited by our unconscious resistance


>

a. a basic goal of existential therapy


14. Existential therapy is

a. a deterministic apporach to therapy

b. an expansion of the Adlerian school of therapy

c. a phenomenological approach to therapy

d. a structured approach to therapy


>

c. a phenomenological approach to therapy


15. The existential philosophy of therapy includes the notion(s) that:

a. people are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone

b. people must screate their own meanings through their choices

c. freedom is merly an illusion

d. human destiny is mainly determined by external forcesa dn social conditioning

e. both a and b


>

e. both a and b


16. The existential approach is:

a reaction against psychoanalysis

b. a reaction against behaviorism

c. both of the above

d. neither of the above


>

c. both of the above


17. Viktor Frankl's approach to existnetial therapy is known as:

a. individual psychology

b. logotherapy

c. reality therapy

d. redecision tehrapy

e. humanistic psychology

 


>

b. logotherapy


18. Which of the followign is not true about Rollo May

a. He is most responsible for translating European existnetialism into American psychotherapieutic theory and practice

b. He focuses on the subjective dimension of therapy

c. He is a significant spokesman for the existential approach in the Unitesd STates

d. He believes that we can onlye scape anxiety by exercising our freedom

e. He contends that freedom and responsibility are two sides fo the same coin


>

d. He believs that we can only escape anxiety by exercising our freedom


19. Existnetially, the ideas of freedom and resopnsibilty suggest:

a. our freedom requires us to accept responsibilty for directing our own life

b. we are free to chose who we will be

c. you cannot ahve one without hte other

d. all of the above

e. all but b


>

d. all of the above


20. Existentially, we are authors of our lives in the sense that we create our:

a. destiny

b. life cirucmstances

c. problems

d. all of the above

e. all but b


>

d. all of the above


21. Who wa the Danish Philosopher that addressed the role of anxiety and uncertainty in life?

a. Medard Boss

b. Jean Paul Sartre

c. Soren Kierkegaard

d. Martin Buber

e. Friedrich Nietzsche


>

c. Soren Kierkegaard


22. Existentialists contend that the experience of relatedness to other human beings:

a. is a nerotically dpeendent attachment

b. should be based on our needs and theirs

c. is healhty if balanced with aloneness

d. is not neccessary since we arebasically alone

e. all but c


>

c. is healhty if balanced with aloneness


23. According to existentialists, our search for meaning involves all of these except:

a. discarding old values

b. meaninglessness

c. creating our own value system

d. exploring unfinished business

e. the struggle for significance in life


>

d. exploring unfinihsed business


24. Who among the followign talked abotu the individuals will to power and the herd mortality?

a. Soren Kierkegaard

b. Jean Paul Sartre

c. MArtin Heidegger

d. MArtin Buber

e. Friedrich Nietzchsche


>

e. Friedrich Nietzsche


25. The central theme running through the works of Viktor Frankl is:

a. that reedom is a myth

b. the will to meaning

c. self disclosure as the key to mental health

d. the notion of self actualization

e. being thrown into the universe without purpose


>

b. the will to meaning


26. According to Yalom, the concern(s) that make(s) up the core of existential psychodynamics is/are:

a. death

b. freedom

c. isolation

d. meaninglessness

e. all of the above


>

e. all of the above


27. A statement that best illustrates bad faith is 

a. Naturally Im this way because I grew upin an alcoholic family

b. I iwll not consider others in the choices I amke

c. I must live by commitments I make

d. I am responsible for the choices that I make 

e. none of the above


>

a. Naturally, I am this way because I grew up in an alcoholic family


28. For Sartre, existential guilt is what we experience when:

a. we do not live by the Ten commandments

b. we fail to thikn about hte welfare of others

c. we allow others to define us or to make our choices for us

d. we reflect on all that we might have done and failed to do so

e. none of the above


>

c. we allow others to define us or to make our choices for us


29. Living authentically implies:

a. following the norms of our social group

b. being ture to our won evaluation of what constitutes a meaningful existence

c. accepting responsibility for the fact taht we create our lives by the choices we make

d. both b and c


>

d. both b and c


30. Existential therapy is unlike many other therapies in that:

a. it does not have a well defined set of techniques

b. it stresses the I thou encounter in the therapy process

c. it focuses on the use of the therapist's self as the core of therapy

d. it allows for incorporation of techniques from many other approaches

d. all of the above


>

d. all of the above


31. Which of the following is not considred a basic dimension of the human condition?

a. capacity for self awareness

b. stirving for acceptace of others

c. establishing meaninful relationships with others

d. freedom and responsibility

e. anxiety as a condition of living


>

c. striving for the acceptance of others



>


32. Being alone is a process by which we

a. learn to tolerate feelnigsof isolation

b. develop strength and self reliance

c. develop a