Select '>' to see answers, then uncheck boxes when incorrect.

1. The person centered view of human nature: 

a. views people as basically competitive

b. states that humans are driven by irrational forces

c. affirms a person's capacity to direct his or her own life

d. assumes that, while humans have the potential for growth, we tend to remain stagnant

e. both a and b


>

c. affirms a person's capacity to direct his or her own life


2. Person centered therapy is best described as

a. a competed "shool" of counseling

b. a fixed set of therapeutic principles

c. a systematic set of behavioral techniques

d. a philosophy of how the therapy process develops

e. none of the above


>

d. a philosophy of how the therapy process develops


3. The founder of person centered therapy is:

a. Rollo May

b. Frederick Peris

c. Emmy van Deurzen

d. Natalie Rogers

e.None of the above


>

e. None of the above


4. Which of the following is not a characteristic of the person -c centered approach?

a. The focus is on the subjective world of the client

b. It is supported bye vidence from ongoing research

c. Importance is placed on the attitudes and beliefs of the therapist

d. emphasis is given to a contract for therapy

e. attention is directed toward the personal relationship betweent he client and the therapist.


>

d. emphasis is given to a contract for therapy


5. Person centered therapy is a(n)

a. action oriented approach to therapy

b. humanistic approach to therapy

c. existential approach to therapy

d. determinstic approach to therapy

e. both a and d


>

 

b. humanistic approach to therapy



6. In a person centered view, the actualizing tendency impliest aht humans:

a. have an innate desire to move toward health and fulfillment

b. can achieve their goals with proper otiavtion

c. need a growth promoting climate to move forward

d. all of the above

e. both a and c are true


>

e. both a and c are true


7. What is the most important factor related to progress in a person centered therapy?

a. defiing concrete and measurable goals

b. the therapist's technical skills

c. the relationship between the client and therapist

d. the therapist's ability to think logically and to scientificaly solve problems

e. the client's motivation for change


>

c. the relationship between the client and therapist


8. In the person centered approach, the person to person manner of approaching clients is considered

a. essential in the therapeutic relaitonship

b. a proxy for setting goals for therapy

c. a rigid adherence to treatment methodology

d. a way to maintain healthy boundaries in counseling

e. the therapist's attempt to prevent over involvement with the client


>

a. essential in the therapeutic relaitonship


9. Which of the followign is not considered a neccessary and sufficient condition for change in the  person centered framework

a. unconditional positive regard

b. creative expression

c. accurate empathetic understanding.

d. congruence


>

b. creative expression


10. Which statement (s) is (are) true of the person centered approach

a. therapists should give advice when clients need it

b. the techniques a therapist ueses are less important than his or her attitude

c. therapists should function largely as teachers

d. therapy is primarily the therapist's responsibility

e. both c and d


>

b. the techniques a therapist ueses are less important than his or her attitude


11. Which of the following is not a key concept of hte person centered approach

a. the focus is on experienceing the immediate moment

b. the person has the capacity to resolve his or her own problems in a climate of safety

c. the client is primarily responsible for the direction of therapy

d. the focus is on exploration of a client's past


>

d. the focus is on exploration of a client's past


12. The person centered tehrapist is best described as a:

a. facilitator

b. teacher

c. human engineer

d. friend


>

a. facilitator


13. The concept of unconditional postive regard implies:

a. the therapist's acceptance of the client's right to all his or her feelings

b. the acceptance of all behavior on the client's part

c. the therapist's acceptance of the client as a worthy being without stipulations

d. both a and c


>

d. both a and c


14. In order for a therapist to communicate accurate empathetic understanding the counselor must

a. have experienced a situation very simliar to the client's current predicament

b. clarify details and facts relevant to the client's experiences

c. feel a deep sense fo wartmth toward the client

d. connect emotionally to the client's sujective experience


>

d. connect emotionally to the client's sujective experience


15. The technique of reflection involves the therapist:

a. restating the client's words verbatim

b. sharing his or her genuine emotional response with the client

c. mirroring the client's emotional experience of a particular situation

d. both a and c are true


>

c. mirroring the client's emotional experience of a particular situation



16. Arguably, the most central limitation of the person centered approach is:

a. their view of assessment and diagnosis

b. the therapist's limitations as a person

c. the shortcomings of the studies of the approach

d. the continual evolution of the approach leads to unclear therapeutic principles


>

b. the therapist's limitations as a person


17. In Carl Roger's view, diagnosis is considered:

a a useful tool for case coceptualization

b. a meaningful way of undersatnding of a client's psychological state.

c. a labeling process that diminshes the therapist's ability to develop a holistic understanding of the client

d. a neccessary process that does not impact hte course of therapy

e. both a and b


>

c. a labeling process that diminshes the therapist's ability to develop a holistic understanding of the client


18. In applying the person centered approach to crisis intervention, therapist's

a. communicate a deep sense of understanding

b. provide genuine support and warmth

d. all of the above

e. all but c


>

d. all of the above


19. What is the limitation of person centered therapy?

a. the approach does not makes use of research to study the preocess or outcomes of thearpy

b. the therapist has more power to maniupalte and control the client than is ture of most other thearapies

c. the approach does not emphasize the role of techniques in creating change in the client's life

d. the client is not given enough responsibility to direct the course of his or her own therapy

e. it is a long term approach to therapy


>

c. the approach does not emphasize the role of techniques in creating change in the client's life


20. One point of disagreement between existential and humanistic thought involves:

a. a respect fothe client's subjective experience

b. a turst in the capacity of hte client to make positive choices

c. an emphasis on freedom

d. the idea of an innate self actualizing drive

e. both and and b


>

d. the idea of an innate self actualizing drive


21. Which of the following is not true about Carl Rogers

a. He was raised with strict relgiious standares in his home

b. he developed cognitive therapy

c. at one point in his life, he was preparing to enter the ministry

d. he made a contribution toward achieving world peace

e. he was a pioneer ins humanistic approaches to counseling


>

b. he developed cognitive therapy


22. Which of the following is the correct order in terma of the historical development of Carl Roger's approach to counseling?

a. client centered/ person centered/ nondirective

b. client centered/ nondirective/ person centered

c. nondirective/ client centerd/ person centered

d. nondirective / person centered/ client centered

e. person centered / client centered/ nondirective 


>

c. nondirective/ client centerd/ person centered


23. According to the Rogerian therapy, an interanl source of evalutaion is defined as:

a. interanlizing the validation one receives from others.

b. looking more to oneself for the answers to the problems of existence.

c. going on one's instics when judging the behavior of others

d. a neurotic tendency to be self-critical

e. a success identity


>

b. looking more to oneself for the answers to the problems of existence.


24. Which of the following personal characteristics of the therapist is most important, according to Carl Rogers?

a. unconditional positive regard

b. acceptance

c. genuineness

d. accurate empathetic understanding

e. accurate active listening


>

c. genuineness


25. Which of the following is not true about the most recent tredns in person centered therapy

a. it could be referred to as holistic theory

b. acceptance and clarification are the main techniques used

c. it emphasizes an increased involvenemnt of the therapist as a person

d. it allows the therapist greater freedom to be active in the therapeutic relaitoship

e. the therapist is encouraged to bring his or her values to the therapeutic relationship?


>

b. acceptance and clarification are the main techniques used


26. Carl Rogers's position on confronting the client is that:

a. confrontation is to be avoided at all costs

b. confrontation causes clients to stop gorwing

c. congrontation reflects that the therapist has a need to be in control

d. caring confrontations can be beneficial

e. all but d


>

d. caring confrontations can be beneficial


27. Carl Rogers drew heavily from existential concepts, especially as they apply to: 

a. the transference relationship

b. countertransference, or unfinsihed business of the counselor

c. the client therapist relationship

d. guilt and anxiety

e. death and nonbeing


>

c. the client therapist relationship



28. A consistent theme that underlines most of Carl roger's writing is: (p. 169)

a. the need to find meaning in life through love, work, or suffering.

b. the ned for a religion to find meaning in life.

c. the importance of expressing feelings that stem from childhood issues.

d. A faith in the capacity of individuals to develope in a constructive manner if a climate of trust is established.

e. the need for clients to relive past traumatic situatuons in the here-and-now. 


>

d. a faith in the capacity of individuals to develope in a constructive manner if a climate of trust is established.


29. Person-centered therapy is best explained as: (p. 166)

a. a dogma

b. a fixed and completed approach to therapy.

c. A set of techniques to build trust in clients.

d. all of the above.

e. none of the above


>

e. none of the above


30. The person-centered therapist's most important function is: (p. 171)

a. to begin therapy with a comprehensive lifestyle assessment

b. to challenge clients to examine their past.

c. to be skillfully confront clients when they engage in self-destructive behaviors.

d. to be his or her real self in the relationship with a client.

e. both (a) and (b)


>

d. to be his or her real self in the relationship with a client.


31. From Carl Roger's perspective the client/therapist relationshipp is characterized by: (p. 173)

A. a sence if equality

b. the transference relationship.

c. the therapist functioning as the expert

d. a clearly defined contract that specifies what clients will talk about in the sessions

e. none of the above


>

a. a sence of equality


32. The person-centered approach has been applied to : (p. 167)

a. personal-growth groups

b. education

c. family therapy

d. foregin relations

e. all of the above.


>

e. all of the above


33. One of the limitations of the person-centered approach is that : (p. 191)

a. its has not been subjected to rigorous research

b. it is not grounded in personality theory

c. therapists use vigorous confrontation methods

d. there can be a tendancy to give too much support and not enough challenge

e. Both (a) and (b)


>

d. there can be a tendancy to give too muuch support and not enough challenge


34. From a multicultural perspective, the core conditions of the person-centered approach: (p. 184-185)

a. may be difficult to adapt in a manner that is consitent with some culteral frameworks.

b. represent universal human needs and are well-suited to multicultural counseling.

c. are not-well researched

d. are culturally encapsulated

e. both (a) and (b)


>

e. both (a) and (b)


35. In