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A critical difference between early Gestalt therapy and relationional Gestalt therapy is?a. the emphasis on contact b. the approach to confrontation c. the use of techniques d. the focus on the figure formation processe. none of the above
b. the approach too confrontation
Who amond the following is not considered a relational Gestalt therapist?a. Fritz Perlsb. Laura Perlsc. Miriam Polsterd. all of the abovee. none of the above
a. Fritz Perls
Gestault therapy is a form of:a. Freudian psychoanalytic therapyb. neo-Freudian therapyc. behavior therapyd. existential therapy
d. existential therapy
Field theory suggests that:a. the whole is greater than the sum of its parts
b. human beings have a innate capacity to self regulatec. everything is human experience is relational and in constant flux
d. phenomenological inquiry is the key to behavior change.e. the "how" of behavior is more important than the "why" of behavior
c. everything in human experience is relational and in constant flux.
A healthy contact experience involves:a. interacting with others while maintaining sense of self.b. a form of resistance contactc. the result of creative stagnatione. both (a) and (b)
e. both a and be (defensive behavior and a form of resistance to contact).
According to the Getalt view, blocked energy is:
a. a defensive behaviorb. a form of resistance contactc. the result of creative stagnationd. a conscious processe. both a and b
e. both a and b (defensive bahavior and a form of resistance contact.)
Which of the following is not considered one of the six methodological componenets of Gestalt therapy?a. assessmentb. the here and nowc. the authentic encounterd. process-oriented diagnosese. the paradoxical theory of change
The Gestalt Therapist:
a. Freely makes interpretations for the client b. pays attention to the client's nonverbal language. c. is mainly nondirective d. helps the client understand why he or she is behaving in self-defeating ways. e. all of the above.
b. pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.
In Gestalt theory, the experiment is considered:
a. a specific technique of therapy b. a theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.c. a ready made exercise use to achieve a behavioral goal.d. all of the abovee. none of the above
b. a theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.
Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client:a. expand awareness of the here and nowb. intensify felings and experiencingc. make a valye judgment of his or her behavior.d. free himself or herself of specific behavioral symptoms.e. both a and b
e. both a and b (expand awareness of the here and now and intensify feelings and experiencing)
A Gestalt technique that is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality is:a. making the roundsb. the reversal exercisec. the rehearsal exercise
d. the empty chair technique
b. the reversal exercise
The Gestalt approach to dreams:
a. rests with the therapists skill in interpreting the meaning of the dreams. b. consist of teaching the client the universal meaning os symbols. c. asks the client to become all parts of his or her own dream. d. has the client actively interpret the meaning of the dream for himself or herself. e. both c and d
e. both c and d (client becomes and interprets all parts of the dream themselves)
The paradoxical theory of behavior change suggests that:a. we change by setting future-oriented goalsb. clients should pay particular attention to becoming the person they wish to be.c. careful attention should devoted to changing behavior in the moment it is happeningd. we change through becoming aware of who we currently are.e. all of the above
d. we change thorugh becoming aware of who we currently are.
According to Gestal theory, all of the following are true except:a. contact is necessary for change and growth to occur. b. one maintains a sense of individuality as a result of good contact. c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicated nerurosis. d. contact is made by seeing, hearing, smelling, touching and moving. e. we often tend to resist contact with others.
c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis.
When a person experiences an internal conflict (top dog and underdog), which of the following techniques would be most appropriate.
b. the reversal technique c. the internal dialogue exercise d. the rehearsal exercise e. the exaggeration exercise
c. the internal dialogue exercise
The goal of Gestal therapy is:a. attaining awareness, and with it greater choice b. to understand why we feel as we do. c. to uncover repressed material d. all of the above e. none of the above
a. attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.
From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestal therapy is that:
a. it does not specify techniques b. it tends to produce high levels of intense feelings. c. it is highly focused on direct expression of feelings. d. it dwells too much on the past. e. both b and c
e. both b and c (produces and focuses on direct expression of feelings
A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that.a. it enables intense experiencing to occur quickly.b. it can be a relatively brief therapy.c. it stresses doing and experincing, as opposed to talking about problems.d. all of the abovee. none of the above
d. all of the above (it enables intense experiencing to occur quickly, it can be a relatively brief therapy, it stresses doing and experincing, as opposed to talking about problems)
According to Gestal theory, people use avoidance in order toa. keep themselves from facing unfinished business b. keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions. c. keep from having to change d. all of the above e. both a and b
d. all of the above (keep themselves from facing unfinished business, keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions, keep from having to change)
Empirical support for Gestal therapy is:a. weakb. well-developedc. is becoming strongerd. is unavailable
c. is becoming stronger
According to Gestalt theory, all of the following are true about contact except: (204)
a. contact is necessary for change and growth to occurb. one maintains a sense of individuality as a result of good contact.c. withdrawal after good contact experience indicates neurosis.d. contact is made by seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, or moving.e. we often tend to resist contact with others.
c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis. (this is false)
In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as (210):
a. a joint ventureb. an existential encounterc. an I/Thou interactiond. both a and be. all of the above
e. all of the above
What is not true about Gestalt techniques? (212-213)
Experiements are always carried out during the therapy session, rather than outside it.
Which of the following is not true about Fritz Perlz? (198)
During his childhoos, he was a model student.
Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of:
all - retroflection, projection, introjection
Which of the following aspects of a client's use of language would a Gestal therapist not focus on? (208)
Which of the following is not true about the Gestalt view of the role of confrontation in therapy?
It is not possible to be both confrontive and gentle with clients.
Which of the following Gestal technique involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?
making the rounds
The empty chair technique: (216)
all - assists clients in reowning parts of their personality, balances internal polarities, allows clients to externalize an introject, helps resolve unfinished business.
Which of the following is not one of Miriam Polster's three stages in her integration sequence?
A teenage girls is angry with her parents and cuts one her arm. In Gestal terms, she is most likely engaging in : (205)
Because of his need to be liked, Jose makes careful efforts to get along with everyone and minimize interpersonal conflicts. Which boundary disturbance is Jose exhibiting?
which of the following is not one of the Gestal group leader's roles? (220)
evoking group catharsis
Without proper training, Gestalt therapists may: (226)
all - evoke catharsis without the ability to work through it, design faulty experiments, may use ready made techniques innapropriately, may