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A critical difference between early Gestalt therapy and relationional Gestalt therapy is?

a. the emphasis on contact
b. the approach to confrontation
c. the use of techniques
d. the focus on the figure formation process
e. none of the above

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b. the approach too confrontation


Who amond the following is not considered a relational Gestalt therapist?

a. Fritz Perls
b. Laura Perls
c. Miriam Polster
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

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a. Fritz Perls


Gestault therapy is a form of:

a. Freudian psychoanalytic therapy
b. neo-Freudian therapy
c. behavior therapy
d. existential therapy

 


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d. existential therapy


Field theory suggests that:

a. the whole is greater than the sum of its parts
b. human beings have a innate capacity to self regulate
c. everything is human experience is relational and in constant flux
d. phenomenological inquiry is the key to behavior change.
e. the "how" of behavior is more important than the "why" of behavior

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c. everything in human experience is relational and in constant flux.


A healthy contact experience involves:

a. interacting with others while maintaining  sense of self.
b. a form of resistance contact
c. the result of creative stagnation
e. both (a) and (b)

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e. both a and be (defensive behavior and a form of resistance to contact).


According to the Getalt view, blocked energy is:

a. a defensive behavior
b. a form of resistance contact
c. the result of creative stagnation
d. a conscious process
e. both a and b

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e. both a and b (defensive bahavior and a form of resistance contact.)


Which of the following is not considered one of the six methodological componenets of Gestalt therapy?

a. assessment
b. the here and now
c. the authentic encounter
d. process-oriented diagnoses
e. the paradoxical theory of change

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a. assessment


The Gestalt Therapist:

a. Freely makes interpretations for the client
b. pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.
c. is mainly nondirective
d. helps the client understand why he or she is behaving in self-defeating ways.
e. all of the above.

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b. pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.


In Gestalt theory, the experiment is considered:

a. a specific technique of therapy
b. a theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.
c. a ready made exercise use to achieve a behavioral goal.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

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b. a theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client's unique needs.


Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client:

a. expand awareness of the here and now
b. intensify felings and experiencing
c. make a valye judgment of his or her behavior.
d. free himself or herself of specific behavioral symptoms.
e. both a and b

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e. both a and b (expand awareness of the here and now and intensify feelings and experiencing)


A Gestalt technique that is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality is:

a. making the rounds
b. the reversal exercise
c. the rehearsal exercise

d. the empty chair technique


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b. the reversal exercise


The Gestalt approach to dreams:

a. rests with the therapists skill in interpreting the meaning of the dreams.
b. consist of teaching the client the universal meaning os symbols.
c. asks the client to become all parts of his or her own dream.
d. has the client actively interpret the meaning of the dream for himself or herself.
e. both c and d

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e. both c and d (client becomes and interprets all parts of the dream themselves)


The paradoxical theory of behavior change suggests that:

a. we change by setting future-oriented goals
b. clients should pay particular attention to becoming the person they wish to be.
c. careful attention should devoted to changing behavior in the moment it is happening
d. we change through becoming aware of who we currently are.
e. all of the above

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d. we change thorugh becoming aware of who we currently are.


According to Gestal theory, all of the following are true except:

a. contact is necessary for change and growth to occur.
b. one maintains a sense of individuality as a result of good contact.
c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicated nerurosis.
d. contact is made by seeing, hearing, smelling, touching and moving.
e. we often tend to resist contact with others.

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c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis.


When a person experiences an internal conflict (top dog and underdog), which of the following techniques would be most appropriate.

a. making the rounds
b. the reversal technique
c. the internal dialogue exercise
d. the rehearsal exercise
e. the exaggeration exercise

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c. the internal dialogue exercise


The goal of Gestal therapy is:

a. attaining awareness, and with it greater choice
b. to understand why we feel as we do.
c. to uncover repressed material
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

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a. attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.


From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestal therapy is that:

a. it does not specify techniques
b. it tends to produce high levels of intense feelings.
c. it is highly focused on direct expression of feelings.
d. it dwells too much on the past.
e. both b and c

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e. both b and c (produces and focuses on direct expression of feelings


A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that.

a. it enables intense experiencing to occur quickly.
b. it can be a relatively brief therapy.
c. it stresses doing and experincing, as opposed to talking about problems.
d. all of the above
e. none of the above

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d. all of the above (it enables intense experiencing to occur quickly, it can be a relatively brief therapy, it stresses doing and experincing, as opposed to talking about problems)


According to Gestal theory, people use avoidance in order to

a. keep themselves from facing unfinished business
b. keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions.
c. keep from having to change
d. all of the above
e. both a and b

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d. all of the above (keep themselves from facing unfinished business, keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions, keep from having to change)


Empirical support for Gestal therapy is:

a. weak
b. well-developed
c. is becoming stronger
d. is unavailable

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c. is becoming stronger


According to Gestalt theory, all of the following are true about contact except: (204)

a. contact is necessary for change and growth to occur
b. one maintains a sense of individuality as a result of good contact.
c.  withdrawal after good contact experience indicates neurosis.
d. contact is made by seeing, hearing, smelling, touching, or moving.
e. we often tend to resist contact with others.

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c. withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis. (this is false)


In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as (210):

a. a joint venture
b. an existential encounter
c. an I/Thou interaction
d. both a and b
e. all of the above

 


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e. all of the above